To date, the problems of behavioral disorders are very acute. This is especially pronounced among children and adolescents. However, the inability to monitor their actions and adopt established rules and norms are also found in an adult. The majority of such cases among children does not have at its core gross organic lesions of the brain, and are well amenable to correction in the early stages of development. Behavioral disorders of adults, as a rule, are less pronounced, but no less dangerous. Therefore, it is extremely important to correctly diagnose and treat such disorders at any age.
One of the forms of the gradual quantitative increase in the disorders of individual mental functions, most often manifested in behavioral changes, is called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In most cases, this diagnosis is associated with children. However, adults can also suffer from the disorder. According to statistics, the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder among people over the age of 18 reaches 6-7%.
The syndrome of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a complex border problem, located at the intersection of medicine, psychology and pedagogy. The pathology itself is a chronic disorder of behavior, manifested in childhood. Uncorrected symptoms of the disorder make themselves felt in the adult state in at least 60% of patients. There are some medications to treat ADHD one of them is Buy Ritalin Online. You can also buy Ritalin online.
Specific clinical manifestations of the disease are quite diverse. In this regard, the attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome initially had a number of synonyms reflecting the primary clinic or pathogenesis of the disease – “lack of moral control”, “minimal brain dysfunction”, “chronic hyperkinetic brain syndrome,” “mild brain dysfunction, and others. However, none of them fully reflected the essence of the disease. The term “attention deficit hyperactivity disorder” was introduced in 1980 and proved to be the most acceptable for describing behavioral disorders. Along with him, “attention deficit hyperactivity disorder syndrome” and “residual type syndrome” were identified, diagnosed in people who had ADHD at an earlier age.
Such violations occur under the influence of a number of external and internal adverse factors (physical, chemical, toxic, nutritional and so on). Along with this, the disconnection of the links between the cerebral formations can be a consequence of the disturbance of the metabolism of the neurotransmitters.
An increase in the incidence of ADHD among relatives has suggested that the genetic nature of the disorder is present. It is proved that not one but many genes take part in the formation of the disease. In this regard, the clinical picture of ADHD in adults (just like in children) has such wide variability.
There are less common theories of development of ADHD. According to them, the disorder may be due to:
- food allergy;
- impaired glucose metabolism;
- pathology of the thyroid gland;
- diseases of the broncho-pulmonary system.
In addition, adverse social aspects may be important contributing factors to ADHD. Later they act as complications of the disease.
The clinical symptoms of ADHD in adults are somewhat different from those of children. In this case, retrospective assessment of the patient’s behavior at the age of 5-15 years in most cases corresponds to the manifestation of the disorder in childhood.
Mandatory manifestations of ADHD in adults are permanent motor activity and impaired attention. The most typical complaints in this case are forgetfulness, inattention, absent-mindedness, violation of concentration of attention. (mediattics.com )
In addition, frequent signs of the disease are:
- emotional instability;
- inability to complete the planned action;
- short temper;
- poor stress resistance;
In addition, frequent satellites of ADHD are vegetative disorders, sleep disorders and headaches.
Laboratory-instrumental diagnostics of ADHD does not exist. Therefore, the diagnosis is based on clinical criteria.